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Detwiller, Charles H.
Architectural papers, 1927 and 1952-1983.
Manuscript Collection 1104
Charles H. Detwiller, Jr., restoration architect, chair of the New Jersey chapter of the American Institute of Architects' committee on historic preservation and an officer of the New Jersey Chapter of Architectural Historians, was graduated from Princeton University in 1939. He received further education at the Brooklyn School of Design and Construction, from which he was graduated in 1950. The son of Charles Detwiller, Sr., an architect in Plainfield, New Jersey, Charles Jr. had his office in Plainfield as well. His father, having once walked him around the former family homestead near Allentown, Pennsylvania, to "point out a pretty cornice," succeeded in sparking a passion in him at age 11 for architecture specifically dealing with older buildings.
His first recorded historical restoration project was the Drake House (circa 1747), Plainfield, the interiors of which Detwiller worked on in 1950. The next major project, in 1961, was the Stage House Inn (circa 1837), Scotch Plains, which involved not only restoration but house moving. Other important projects were the Mystic Maritime Museum (circa 1810), Mystic, Connecticut, which entailed new construction in period style, the Badgley House (circa 1710-40), Mountainside, which he measured and prepared a proposal to reconstruct, and the Old Red Mill Museum and Historic Village in Clinton, new construction in period style.
Detwiller also did consulting work with ten different historical societies throughout New Jersey and, in conjunction with a variety of engineering firms, advised on the cultural impact of major highway extensions in northern and central New Jersey (I-287, I-78 and Route 55).
Of Detwiller's children, two (Frederic and Charles III) also became architects.
Scope and Content Note
The papers of restoration architect Charles H. Detwiller, Jr., MC 1104, span the years 1952 to 1983, with the bulk of them falling between 1976 and 1983. They are filed in two series (sequences) as received: 1) documentation relating to individual historic buildings and historic districts for which Detwiller provided professional services (e.g., Buccleuch Mansion, Crescent Avenue Historic District), about which he was contacted (e.g., Ivy Hall) or in which he had an interest (e.g., Hiram Market); and 2) documentation of major highway extension plans and surveys and their environmental impact on historic buildings (i.e., I-287, which comprises the bulk of this series, and I-78 and Route 55), plus major sewer facility expansions and their impact (e.g., Franklin Borough). Also filed in the second series, as found, are papers concerning one additional historic district for which Detwiller provided consulting services (Old Bridge) and notes from a 1980 historic restoration conference.
The majority of the papers in the first series detail Detwiller's activities inspecting and suggesting appropriate improvements to New Jersey buildings dating from as early as the 18th century. Parallel to these activities Detwiller appraised the likelihood of various buildings qualifying for federal or state "historic landmark" status and attendant benefits (financial aid in restoration, tax reduction). His role in restoration was thus not only to tastefully preserve but also to follow guidelines set forth by the National Park Service (its National Register for Historic Places) and the New Jersey Historic Sites Commission. The remainder of the papers in the first series reflect Detwiller's involvement in preservation campaigns where developers had bought up certain properties (Blenheim Hotel, Hiram Market), researching the history of previous ownerships and restorations on certain buildings (Denville survey) and various other activities relating to buildings or districts.
The second series consists mainly of I-287 extension plans, 1977-1983. This project was seen in its various alternate proposals to affect many houses in early settled parts of northern New Jersey extending from Montville to the New York state border. Detwiller was employed by the architectural and engineering firm of Louis Berger & Associates, Inc., East Orange, to assess the historical value of buildings in and near the path of this highway. He played the same role in the 1978 Route 55 project (under the auspices of the Environmental Assessment Council, New Brunswick) and the 1975 I-78 project (for URS Madigan-Praeger, Inc., of New York City).
The Detwiller papers provide an excellent overview of efforts to preserve New Jersey's heritage through restoration methods and materials that are in keeping with original architecture. The collection also provides a glimpse into the difficulties of nonpartisan appraisal of buildings that lie in the path of proposed construction projects.
The papers consist of correspondence, notes, photographs, Detwiller's reports on individual structures (evaluating age, style, significance, condition, etc.), bid specifications, architectural drawings, construction contracts, bills for services rendered, printed matter (maps, pamphlets, catalogs, periodical issues, government documents, newspaper clippings, photocopies from county histories, blueprints, aerial photographs, etc.), photocopies of deed book entries, contract archaeology reports and a variety of brochures. Also included are a fragment of hand-painted wallpaper, paint chips and more than one rusty nail.
The Charles H. Detwiller, Jr., architectural papers are arranged in two series (filing units), one consisting of individual building and district surveys and the other of highway extension proposals and district surveys. The documents were received by Special Collections and University Archives in these two groupings. Most of the folders in the first series were labeled with the names of either areas or buildings, although not all of the building names correspond to current usage. Some folders (ten or so) retained the owner's names since the buildings themselves had no names as such. A very few folders lacked headings and were supplied them; these headings appear in bracketed form on the folders. The second series, in contrast, contained many unlabeled, vaguely labeled or mislabeled folders. While the unlabeled and mislabeled folders were provided bracketed "Miscellaneous" headings (among the I-287 subseries), the vague headings were transferred as they appeared to the new folders--with the result that many related materials in this series are found scattered between folders without any clear rational.
Most oversize blueprints from the first series were segregated, their corresponding folder headings copied on larger folders, and put in newspaper boxes. An asterisk next to a folder number on the container list indicates that an oversize blueprint has been shifted in this manner.
Maps, blueprints, topographic surveys and aerial photographs from the second series, and some blueprints from the first series, were transferred to a map case drawer due to their very large size. These documents are listed at the end of the container list.
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 1 1 List of Surveys of Historic Sites by C.H. Detwiller or A.I.A. (1) INDIVIDUAL BUILDING PROJECTS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS 2* Acorn Hall (Morristown), 1978-1979 3 Badgley House (Mountainside), 1972-1980 4 Basking Ridge Historical Society (Basking Ridge, Bernards Township), 1976 5 Berkeley Heights Historical Society (Berkeley Heights Township), 1977-1980 6 Blenheim Hotel (Atlantic City), 1978 7 Buccleuch Mansion (New Brunswick), 1979 8* Burrows Mansion (Matawan), 1977-1981 9* Carriage House--Clinton Curtis (Morristown), 1979 10* Clinton Historical--Grandin Library (Clinton), 1977-1978 11 Clinton Museum--Bids and Other Data, 1978-1979 12* Clinton Museum--Old File--"Red Mill 5," 1964-1965 13-18* Clinton Museum, 1978-1980 19-22* Crescent Avenue Historic District (Plainfield), 1980-1981 23 DiMiceli, J. (Scotch Plains Township), 1979 24 Denville Survey (Denville), 1979-1980 25 Diver, C. (Avon), 1980 26 Diver's House (Avon), 1980 27 Durrand-Hedden House (Maplewood), 1979 28* Eld, Wendell (Lamington, Bedminster Township), 1973 29 Elizabeth, City of--Cultural Resource Study, 1980 30 Elliott, W.P.--Old Stansberry House (Scotch Plains Township), 1977 31 English Neighborhood Historical Society (Maywood), 1979 32 "Eoff" Farmstead--R. Brooks & Associates (Pluckemin, Bedminster Township), 1977-1979 33* Facade Program, 304-308 Front St. (Plainfield), 1979 34* Facade Program, 435 Park Avenue (Plainfield), 1979 35-38* Friends Meeting House (Plainfield), 1954-1980 *For related oversize material, see boxes 6 and 7
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 2 INDIVIDUAL BUILDING PROJECTS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [continued] 1 General Historic Site Survey Evaluation, 1980 2 Gladis, Joseph W. (Westfield), 1978 3 Glen Ridge Historical Society, 1977 4 Goett--Lake Avenue (Clark), 1979 5* Gutherz Research Property (Oldwick, Tewksbury Township), 1979 6 Gural--Old Coach Road (Summit), 1979 7 Hartman, Lois (Georgetown, Mansfield Township), 1980 8-10* Highland Falls (Highland Falls, New York), 1979-1980 11 Historic American Buildings Survey--Library of Congress, 1969-1977 12 Hoser House Restoration (Harmony Township), 1981 13 Hillside Historical Society, Inc., 1978-1979 14 Ivy Hall [Cornelius Low House] (Piscataway Township), 1979 15 Jersey City--City Hall, 1979 16 Johnson & Johnson--Riverview (New Brunswick), 1980 17 Kearny Cottage Historical Association (Perth Amboy), 1978-1979 18 Kellers--Ryders Lane (Milltown, etc.) & Morris Ave. (Spring- field Township)--Surveys, 1979-1983 19 Kita, Henry (Plainfield), 1978 20 Lagos, Dr. John M. (Chatham Township), 1977 21 Lebanon Township--School Houses, 1979 22* Merchants & Drovers Inn--Rahway Historical Society, 1969-1980 23 Metuchen Meeting, 1978-1979 24* Mills, Timothy House (Morristown), 1977-1978 25 Middletown--Bowne House (Leonardo, Middletown Township), 1980 26 Millington House--George St. (New Brunswick), 1978 27 Monday Afternoon Club (Plainfield), 1980 28 Montclair Survey--J. Kellers, 1980 29* Morristown, 1980 30-31 National Trust Talk, 1980 32 Nevius Homestead (Bedminster), 1975 33-34 New Brunswick Historic District--Hiram Market Area, 1980 35 "New Brunswick Tomorrow", 1980 36 New Providence Historical Society, 1974 37* North Avenue (Plainfield), 1980 38 North Plainfield Historical Society, 1974 [map case only] Oakey House 39 Octagon House (Port Monmouth, Middletown Township), 1979 40-41 Old Bridge Township, 1980-1981 42 Olde Towne, Vandeveer-Knox House--Hoes Lane, 1974-1978 43-48* Olde Towne [East Jersey Olde Towne], 1973-1981 *For related oversize material, see boxes 6 and 7
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 3 INDIVIDUAL BUILDING PROJECTS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [continued] 1-3* Olde Towne [East Jersey Olde Town], 1973-1981 [continued] 4 Our Lady of Fatima--Phyphe House (Piscataway Township), 1977 5* Paterson College (Wayne), 1978 6-9* Perth Amboy, 1978-1979 10 Plainfield Historic Preservation, 1980 11 Plainfield--S & T Restaurant, 1980 12-13* Plainfield Downtown Development, 1978-1979 14 Plainfield Historic Review Committee, 1980 15-16* Poricy Park Citizens Committee (Middletown), 1975-1979 17 Preservation Plainfield, 1979 18 Rahway Library, 1978 19 Robinson House (Clark), 1979 20 Runyon Funeral Home (Plainfield), 1978 21 Saddle River Survey, 1980 22 Scotch Hills (Scotch Plains Township), 1979 23 Scotch Plains, 1975 24-27* Shoal Harbor--Spy House (Port Monmouth, Middletown Township), 1977-1983 28 Slocum House (Fanwood), 1979-1980 29 South Bound Brook Municipal Building, 1978 30* Spann, Max (Washington Township), 1978 31 Straus House (Atlantic Highlands), 1980-1981 32 Terrell, Mrs. Virginia (Plainfield), 1973 33 Thomson, George S. (Somerville), 1978 34-35 Unitarian Fellowship--Thorne Mansion (Morris Township), 1980 36-37* Van Bunschooten House (Wantage Township), 1974-1980 *For related oversize material, see boxes 6 and 7
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 4 INDIVIDUAL BUILDING PROJECTS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [continued] 1* Van Bunschooten House (Wantage Township), 1974-1980 [continued] 2-4* Van Duyne House (Wayne), 1976-1979 5 Walker, Allen--Janis House (Mahwah Township), 1978 6 Williamson, John House (Edison Township), 1978-1980 7 Zimmerman, Todd (Cherryville, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County), 1980 (4) HIGHWAY EXTENSION PROPOSALS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [see also box 5 and map folders] 8-9 Route 55 Environmental Impact Study (Gloucester County), 1978 10-15 Route 78 Environmental Impact Study, 1975-1976 16 Sussex Turnpike (Morris County), 1981 17-20 Old Bridge Historic District, 1977-1978 21-22 Franklin Borough (Sussex County)--Sewage Facility Expansion --Environmental Impact Study, 1979 23 Highland Falls/Fort Montgomery Proposed Sewage Facilities, 1980 24-25 Ogdensburg Sewage Facility Expansion--Environmental Impact Study, 1979 26 Franklin & Ogdensburg Environment Impact Studies--Miscellaneous 27 Upper Walkill Basin--Realigned Sewage Facilities--Cultural Resource Survey, 1979 28 Fourth Annual Conference on Preservation and Restoration of Old Houses,Princeton, 1980 *For related oversize material, see boxes 6 and 7
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 5 HIGHWAY EXTENSION PROPOSALS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [see also box 4 and map folders] 1 I-287 Alternate 1 Environment Studies, Montville & Pequannock, 1980 2 I-287 Correspondence--Final Report--Field Survey Notes, 1977 3 I-287 Correspondence (to Weck) Historic Architectural Analysis (Suffern) [and Finances], 1980 4 I-287 Correspondence and Weck Instructions, 1977 5 I-287 Cultural Resource Survey--Architectural Analysis, 1981-1982 6 I-287 Field Notes and Rough Drafts 7 I-287 Final Report 8 I-287 Final Retyped Reports 9 I-287 Financial Information, 1977-1981 10 I-287 Ford Mansion (Morristown), 1975 11 I-287 Historic Archaeology Survey (Montville-NY State Thruway) [and Notes], 1977-1979 12-14 I-287 Miscellaneous 15 I-287 Montville-Riverdale--Architectural Survey, 1980 16 I-287 Montville-Riverdale--Environmental Impact Study 17 I-287 Montville-Suffern Historic Archaeology Survey, 1977-1978 18-19 I-287 Montville-Suffern Historic Architecture Analysis 20 I-287 Montville-Suffern Historic Architecture Supplement, 1980 21 I-287 New York State Section, 1971-1980 22 I-287 Originals and Changes to Report, 1981-1983 23 I-287 Suffern Area--Research Material 24 I-287 Survey Reports and Field Notes 25-26 I-287 Wayne Township, 1978-1982 27 I-287 Working Maps & Notes
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 6 (oversize) INDIVIDUAL BUILDING PROJECTS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [see also boxes 1-4 and 7] 1 Acorn Hall (Morristown), 1979 2 Burrowns Mansion (Matawan), 1975 3 Carriage House--Clinton Curtis (Morristown), 1979 4 Clinton Historical--Grandin Library (Clinton), 1978 5 Clinton Museum--Bids and Other Data, 1978 6 Clinton Museum--Old File, 1964-1965 7 Clinton Museum, 1965-1978 8 Clinton Museum, 1978 9 Crescent Avenue Historic District (Plainfield), 1927 10 Eld, Wendell (Lamington, Bedminster Township), 1952 11 Facade Program, 304-308 Front St. (Plainfield), 1952 and 1979 12 Facade Program, 435 Park Avenue (Plainfield), 1979 13 Friends Meeting House (Plainfield), 1954-1962 14 Gutherz Research Property (Oldwick, Tewksbury Township), 1979 15 Highland Falls (Highland Falls, New York), 1979-1980 16 Merchants & Drovers Inn--Rahway Historical Society, 1953-1972 17 Mills, Timothy House (Morristown), 1977-1978 18 Morristown, 1980 19 North Avenue (Plainfield), 1974 20-24 Olde Towne [East Jersey Olde Towne], 1973-1981 25 Our Lady of Fatima--Phyphe House (Piscataway Township), 1977
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS 7 (oversize) INDIVIDUAL BUILDING PROJECTS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS [see also boxes 1-4 and 6] 1 Paterson College (Wayne), 1978 2 Perth Amboy, 1978-1979 3 Plainfield Downtown Development, 1978-1979 4 Poricy Park Citizens Committee (Middletown), 1975-1979 5 Shoal Harbor--Spy House (Port Monmouth, Middletown Township), 1978-1983 6 Spann, Max (Washington Township), 1980 7 Van Bunschooten House (Wantage Township), 1973-1975 8 Van Duyne House (Wayne), 1976-1979
BOX FOLDER CONTENTS Map HIGHWAY EXTENSION PROPOSALS AND DISTRICT SURVEYS Case [see also boxes 4-5] 1-7 Route 287 (Paterson-Hamburg Turnpike) 8 Route 55 9 Site Surveys and Building Restorations Oakey House, 1976 Clinton Museum--Red Mill, 1978 Olde Towne [East Jersey Olde Towne] (East Brunswick map) Badgley House--"Westfield in Revolutionary Times" (map) Old Bridge Township, undated