Encyclopedias: African Studies
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Consult the Research Guides for pointers and detailed information on researching your topic.
Includes an online encyclopedia of hundreds of famous and lesser known figures in African America, full text primary documents and major speeches of black activists and leaders from the 18th Century to the present, plus other features.
Companion Encyclopedia of Middle Eastern and North African Film [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers countries throughout the Middle East and North Africa including the former Soviet republics, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, The Maghreb, Palestine, and Turkey. Content includes history and major issues, biographical information on leading directors and actors, filmographies, and related information.
Country Studies: Area Handbook Series
Searchable versions of the Handbooks published by the Library of Congress and sponsored by the Department of the Army. Most books in the series deal with a particular foreign country, describing and analyzing its political; economic; social; and national security systems and institutions, and examining the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they're shaped by cultural factors.
Encyclopedia of African American Artists
Biographical and critical information on "black artists from the African Diaspora who have worked and lived, or continue to do so, in the United States." Electronic version of the print resource.
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History [Rutgers Restricted]
"A five-volume set and supplement covering all aspects of the African-American experience from 1619 to the present day. Using biographies, historical essays, and thematic pieces, many written by foremost scholars, it addresses a wide array of subjects in over 2,300 articles to define in one source the cultural roots, participation in American life, and current condition of the African-American community." 2nd edition.
Encyclopedia of African American Education [Rutgers Restricted]
"The encyclopedia follows the struggle of African Americans to achieve equality in education—beginning among an enslaved population and evolving into the present."
Encyclopedia of African American History
Covers the "totality of the African American experience, from beginnings in precolonial Atlantic Africa through the dawn of the 21st century."
Encyclopedia of African American Music
"Showcases all facets of African American music including folk, religious, concert and popular styles."
Encyclopedia of African American Society [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers such topics as abolitionism, affirmative action, the civil rights movement, economic growth, law and justice, politics, racism, and religion. Also includes articles on notable African Americans, groundbreaking events, sports and culture, and significant heritage sites.
Encyclopedia of African Colonial Conflicts [Rutgers Restricted]
"This encyclopedia introduces the history of colonial wars in Africa and illustrates why African countries like the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Somalia, and Sudan continue to experience ethnic, political, and religious violence in the early 21st century."
Encyclopedia of African Religion [Rutgers Restricted]
Includes ideas, concepts, discourses, and extensive essays on African religion."
Encyclopedia of Black Studies [Rutgers Restricted]
"Contains a full analysis of the economic, political, sociological, historical, literary, and philosophical issues related to Americans of African descent. Includes key themes such as: afrocentricity, anti-racism, arts, associations and organizations, campus politics, civil rights, classical africa, culture, departmental histories, institutions, intellectual schools, legal issues, movements, political issues, racism, religion, reparations, and resistance."
Encyclopedia of Immigration and Migration in the American West [Rutgers Restricted]
Examines the settlement of the American West including "coverage of movements of American Indians, African Americans, and the often-forgotten role of women in the West’s development." Electronic version of the 2 volume print resource.
Encyclopedia of Islam [Rutgers Restricted]
"Includes articles on Muslims of every age and land, on tribes and dynasties, on the crafts and sciences, on political and religious institutions, on the geography, ethnography of the various countries and on the history, topography and monuments of the major towns and cities. Its scope encompasses the old Arabo-Islamic empire, the Islamic countries of Iran, Central Asia, the Indian sub-continent and Indonesia, the Ottoman Empire and all other Islamic countries." New edition.
Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World [Rutgers Restricted]
"Looks at Islam's role in the modern world, doing so in context of the religion's history and development over the last 13 centuries. Contains thematic articles, biographies of key figures, definitions, illustrations, maps and more. Electronic version of the 2 volume print resource."
Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World [Rutgers Restricted]
"Provides a compendium of some 2,100 articles across a diverse range of disciplines including, but not limited to, history, anthropology, ethnography, folklore, law and jurisprudence, linguistics, sociology, politics, philosophy, religious studies, women's studies, art history, literature, film studies, material culture, and biographies of notable persons. The time frame of the contents is from the advent of Islam and the initial Muslim-Jewish encounter in the seventh century to the present (2010)."
Encyclopedia of Race and Crime [Rutgers Restricted]
"A comprehensive compilation of relevant facts and information on topics related to race and crime and the crime and justice experiences of racial/ethnic groups in the United States."
Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Describes over a hundred racial and ethnic groups, with additional thematic essays discussing broad topics that cut across group boundaries and impact society at large. Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource."
Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa [Rutgers Restricted]
"Covers the modern history of the Middle East and North Africa, with major sections on Colonialism and Imperialism, the World Wars, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the United Nations' involvement in the region. Each country in the region is reviewed, detailing its population, economy, and government. Electronic version of the 4 volume 2nd edition of the print resource."
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures
"An interdisciplinary, trans-historical, and global project embracing women and Islamic cultures in every region where there have been significant Muslim populations. It aims to cover every topic for which there is significant research, examining these regions from the period just before the rise of Islam to the present." Online version of the print encyclopedia.
Ethnic American Literature: An Encyclopedia for Students [Rutgers Restricted]
Seeks to offer a comprehensive yet concise introduction to ethnic authors, topics, texts and traditions with an emphasis on four major ethnic groups: Native American, Asian American, African American, and Latina/o.
Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America [Rutgers Restricted]
"Contains 8,000 to 12,000 word essays on specific culture groups in the United States, emphasizing religions, holidays, customs, and languages in addition to providing information on historical background and settlement patterns. Also covers ethnoreligious groups such as Jews, Chaldeans, and Amish. Each essay lists organizations and research centers; name, address, and contact information for periodicals, radio, and television stations; and a further readings section." Electronic version of the 6 volume 2nd edition of the print resource.
Garland Encyclopedia of World Music Online [Rutgers Restricted]
Includes regional overviews, with surveys of musical heritage, traditions and themes, as well as descriptions of specific musical genres, practices, and performances. Electronic version of the 10 volume print resource.
Historically Black Colleges and Universities: An Encyclopedia
"This exhaustive analysis of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) throughout history discusses the institutions and the major events, individuals, and organizations that have contributed to their existence."
History in Dispute [Rutgers Restricted]
"Addresses heavily debated questions by offering different critical perspectives on major historical events, drawn from all time periods and from all parts of the globe."
LookLex / Encyclopaedia
Formerly the Encyclopaedia of the Orient, the site provides extensive information on North Africa and the Middle East accessible via an alphabetical index or a search interface.
Covers myths and legends from around the world, encompassing North and South America, Africa and Asia, and the Pacific islands, with links between related articles. Based on the Thomson Gale print publication, Myths and Legends of the World.
New Encyclopedia of Africa [Rutgers Restricted]
"Addresses the entire history of African cultures from the pharaohs and the ancient civilizations of the south through the colonial era to the emergence of 53 independent countries, some of them newly emergent in world commerce and others deep in conflict. Covers issues facing the continent such as global development, the AIDS crisis, and international terrorism. Electronic version of the 5 volume 2nd edition of the print resource."
Street Food Around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture [Rutgers Restricted]
Provides "an overview of the world's street food by country or region" including both places where such food is common and those where it plays a less important role.
From the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, the Factbook includes maps and detailed information on the geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for countries worldwide.