Encyclopedias: General and Multidisciplinary

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See also: Biography and Dictionaries

Consult the Research Guides for pointers and detailed information on researching your topic.

Gale eBooks [Rutgers Restricted]
An extensive collection of encyclopedias, handbooks, and other reference sources covering a broad range of humanities, social science, science, and multidisciplinary areas.

SAGE Reference [Rutgers Restricted]
A large collection of authoritative encyclopedias, dictionaries, and handbooks in a broad range of fields including multidisciplinary areas such as anthropology, environment, health, and psychology.

The ARTFL Encyclopédie - Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire Raisonné des Sciences, des Arts et des Métiers
Part of the American Research on the Treasury of the French Language (ARTFL) Project, this site includes online versions of Trésor de la Langue Française, and the Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française, as well as Diderot and d'Alembert's Encyclopédie.

Atlapedia Online
Contains physical and political maps, plus facts, figures, and statistical data on geography, climate, people, religion, language, history, economy, and related topics.

Canadian Encyclopedia
Billed as "the most comprehensive and authoritative source of information on all things Canadian", the site also incorporates the Youth Encyclopedia of Canada and the Encyclopedia of Music in Canada.

"An open wiki project aimed at creating an enormous, free, and reliable encyclopedia."

Country Studies: Area Handbook Series
Searchable versions of the Handbooks published by the Library of Congress and sponsored by the Department of the Army. Most books in the series deal with a particular foreign country, describing and analyzing its political; economic; social; and national security systems and institutions, and examining the interrelationships of those systems and the ways they're shaped by cultural factors.

Encyclopaedia Britannica

The first ten editions, issued from 1768-1903, in 231 volumes. From the National Library of Scotland.

Encyclopedia of New Jersey [Rutgers Restricted]
Signed articles of varying lengths on people, places, events, and other topics relevant to New Jersey history.

Search or browse articles from the Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition, the Oxford World Encyclopedia, plus a variety of other encyclopedias and dictionaries.

Searchable versions of the Information Please Almanac; an English language dictionary and a thesaurus; an atlas; and the Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition.

A free peer-reviewed encyclopedia written by scholars from around the world.

State Digital Resources: Memory Projects, Online Encyclopedias, Historical & Cultural Materials Collections
A compilation of state and regional digital projects and collaborations including a variety of state encyclopedias.

The online version ofSymbols -- Encyclopedia of Western Signs and Ideograms. Searchable by word or graphic description.

Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia
A wiki-based free content multilingual encyclopedia with supporting almanac-like and gazetteer-like information.

World Factbook
From the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, the Factbook includes maps and detailed information on the geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for countries worldwide.

Zedlers Grosses Universallexikon Online
A freely available German language encyclopedia that appeared in 68 volumes between 1732 and 1754. One of the largest encyclopedias ever published, it includes a half million entries for names, and a quarter million bibliographic references within the articles.