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To find a journal, magazine, or newspaper article in the most popular databases in your subject area, enter your search term(s) and choose a subject from the pull-down menu. To view a complete list of indexes and databases available at Rutgers, click on View all databases. For more information see "How Do I Find an Article?"

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Encyclopedias: Philosophy

Rutgers off-campus users must log-in for access to Rutgers Restricted resources.

See also: Biography and Dictionaries

Consult the Research Guides for pointers and detailed information on researching your topic.


Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Philosophers in America from 1600 to the Present [Rutgers Restricted]
"Most of these entries were selected from the Dictionary of Early American Philosophers or the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, with some condensation and updating. A few dozen new entries are added for still-active philosophers, so that figures born after 1940 have some representation..." --Introduction.

Brill's New Pauly Online [Rutgers Restricted]
An encyclopaedia of the ancient world for everyday use. It also covers interest in Antiquity (the Classical Tradition) in all periods of European and, since the Early Modern period, world history.

Dictionary of the History of Ideas
Covers "a varied array of selected pivotal topics in intellectual history and of methods of writing about such topics" and "recounts the historical development of such ideas across a range of disciplines, including philosophy, religion, politics, literature, and the biological, physical, and social sciences."

Encyclopedia Mythica
A searchable or browseable encyclopedia on world mythology, folklore, and legend.

Encyclopedia of Bioethics [Rutgers Restricted]
Electronic version of the 5 volume 3rd edition "covering a wealth of topics on the ethics of health professions, animal research, population control and the environment, the set helps researchers to consider the impact of new scientific knowledge and its potential to harm or benefit present and future generations."

Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Spans the relationships among business, ethics, and society by including more than 800 entries that feature broad coverage of corporate social responsibility, the obligation of companies to various stakeholder groups, the contribution of business to society and culture, and the relationship between organizations and the quality of the environment."

Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security [Rutgers Restricted]
A "comprehensive reference source on ethical and security issues relating to the latest technologies. Covering a wide range of themes, this valuable reference tool includes topics such as computer crime, information warfare, privacy, surveillance, intellectual property and education."

Encyclopedia of Perception [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers the topic from a wide variety of fields such as psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy.

Encyclopedia of Philosophy [Rutgers Restricted]
An electronic version of the 10 volume 2nd edition covering all aspects of philosophy.

Encyclopedia of Social Theory [Rutgers Restricted]
Offers handbook-like entries on cutting-edge topics, such as globalization, consumption, complexity theory, and actor network theory, and it provides state-of-the-art interpretations of long-established theories. Also, like a dictionary, the entries in this encyclopedia provide basic introductions to key ideas, concepts, schools, and figures in social theory.

Encyclopedia of Stem Cell Research [Rutgers Restricted]
Provides a clear understanding of the basic concepts in stem cell biology and addresses the politics, ethics, and challenges currently facing the field.

Encyclopedia of Time: Science, Philosophy, Theology, & Culture [Rutgers Restricted]
Surveys "major facts, concepts, theories, and speculations that infuse our present comprehension of time. Its inclusive orientation recognizes the contributions of not only scientists and philosophers, but also theologians and creative artists from various fields."

Green Ethics and Philosophy: An A-to-Z Guide [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers the moral relationship between humans and their natural environment, specifically targeting the contemporary green movement. Part of the Green Society: Toward a Sustainable Future series.

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
A browseable collection of articles from a scholars and other sources.

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers all aspects of death and dying -- biological, medical, social, sociological, psychological, religious, and philosophical. A freely accessible version of this 2 volume set is also available.

Medicine - Health - and Bioethics: Essential Primary Sources [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries with "full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context."

Oxford Classical Dictionary [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers all aspects of the Graeco-Roman world, providing "coverage of Greek and Roman history, literature, myth, religion, linguistics, philosophy, law, science, art and archaeology, and topics in near eastern studies and late antiquity. The approach is interdisciplinary: all areas, regions, and cultures are represented beyond the core areas of Greece and Rome. As well as providing factual information, the Dictionary contains many thematic entries on subjects relevant to the 21st century such as nationalism, race, and ecology." Electronic version of the third edition.

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Billed as "the first dynamic encyclopedia," this refereed resource includes a table of contents and is searchable by keyword or phrase. New entries and updates to existing entries are added on a continuing basis by a select group of experts in the field.