Encyclopedias: Sociology

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See also: Biography and Dictionaries

Consult the Research Guides for pointers and detailed information on researching your topic.

SAGE Research Methods [Rutgers Restricted]
Full-text access to dictionary and encyclopedia entries, book chapters, full books, journal articles.

Blackwell Encyclopedia of Sociology Online [Rutgers Restricted]
Entries range "from short definitions of key terms to extended explorations of major topics" including "materials that have historically defined the discipline" as well as "more recent developments."

Class in America: An Encyclopedia [Rutgers Restricted]
Looks "at class from a variety of traditional perspectives: economic, historical, and sociological." "The 525 signed entries each end with a Suggested Reading section, for those interested in further research. A Bibliographical Essay can be found at the end of Volume 3."

Colonialism: an International, Social, Cultural, and Political Encyclopedia [Rutgers Restricted]
"This encyclopedia specifically sets out to treat cultural concepts and intellectual ideas as crucial to an understanding of colonialism in the modern world." Many entries "deal with the geographic dimensions of colonialism, including the places that came to be dominated by foreign societies as well as the national expressions of colonialism by various primarily (but not exclusively) European empires."

Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice [Rutgers Restricted]
"Designed for readers to understand the topics, concepts, and ideas that motivate and shape the fields of activism, civil engagement, and social justice and includes biographies of the major thinkers and leaders who have influenced and continue to influence the study of activism." Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of African American Popular Culture [Rutgers Restricted]
"Features more than six hundred entries on entertainment, history, sports, art, writing and publications, food, business, organizations, and more."

Encyclopedia of Aging [Rutgers Restricted]
"Articles cover topics such as biology, medicine, economics, law, psychology, sociology, and history as they relate to aging." Electronic version of the 4 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of American Urban History [Rutgers Restricted]
Provides "both a summary and an interpretation of the field. With contributions from leading academics in their fields, this authoritative resource offers an interdisciplinary approach by covering topics from economics, geography, anthropology, politics,

Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Spans the relationships among business, ethics, and society by including more than 800 entries that feature broad coverage of corporate social responsibility, the obligation of companies to various stakeholder groups, the contribution of business to society and culture, and the relationship between organizations and the quality of the environment."

Encyclopedia of Cancer and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"A general and nontechnical resource for those in the fields of biology, sociology, health studies, and other social science. This electronic version of the 3 volume print resource includes descriptions of cancers as well as treatments and possible causes; profiles of major cancer researchers, doctors, and cancer associations; the status of cancer in major countries around the world; an examination of the relation between race and ethnicity and cancer risk; and more."

Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Presents the social and cultural history of childhood from antiquity to the present. Children and Childhood examines this history through articles on education, parenting, child labor, economics, images of childhood, children's literature, play, toys and and games, health, physiology, law, the criminal justice system and social welfare. Comparative articles include information about childhood in cultures throughout the world." Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of Community [Rutgers Restricted]
An electronic version of the 3 volume interdisciplinary resource that provides definitions of community beyond traditional views and in the context of diverse fields such psychology, sociology, or economics. Topics covered include communities, social capital, technology, urban life, politics and law, community design, and global studies.

Encyclopedia of Consumer Culture [Rutgers Restricted]
"Covers the diverse range of topics associated with consumer culture over both time (historically) and space (geographically)... by drawing on a variety of disciplines that address the subject area, including anthropology, business studies, communications studies, cultural studies, economics, environmental sciences, history, geography, gender studies, innovation studies, leisure studies, marketing, media studies, philosophy, psychology, political science, social work, sociology, and science and technology studies."

Encyclopedia of Death and the Human Experience [Rutgers Restricted]
Approximately 330 concise, informative, and authoritative entries authored by a group of eminent scholars from many countries, it covers the field of thanatological knowledge in a comprehensive fashion.

Encyclopedia of Disability [Rutgers Restricted]
A multidisciplinary, cross-cultural, and historically grounded resource tool that guides the reader across fields, theories, debates, and practices. An electronic version of the 5 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of Disaster Relief [Rutgers Restricted]
"This encyclopedia covers response to disasters around the world, from governments to NGOs, from charities to politics, from refugees to health, and from economics to international relations, covering issues in both historical and contemporary context. The volumes include information relevant to students of sociology, national security, economics, health sciences, political science, emergency preparedness, history, agriculture, and many other subjects."

Encyclopedia of Environment and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
Explores socio-environmental issues related to themes such as agriculture, animals, biology and chemistry, climate, conservation and ecology, countries, geography, history, movements and regulations, organizations, people, politics, pollution, and society.

Encyclopedia of European Social History [Rutgers Restricted]
"This six-volume reference on European social history includes more than 230 articles on everything from serfdom and the economy, to witchcraft and public health."

Encyclopedia of Gender and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Focuses on basic aspects of social life from the most individual (self and identity) to the most global (transnational economics and politics). The specific categories covered in the encyclopedia include the following: Art, Popular Culture, and Sports; Associations and Organizations; Biographies; Body Image, Health, and Illness; Crime and Criminal Justice; Economics, Environment, and Ecology; Gender Identities and Roles; International Development and Human Rights; Politics, Public Policy, and Social Movements; Race and Ethnicity; Relationships, Marriage, and the Family; Religion, Mythology, and Spirituality; Science, Research, Education, and Technology; and Sexuality and Reproduction."

Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity [Rutgers Restricted]
"Spans the globe to explain the issues behind crimes against humanity and human rights issues as they relate to individual countries and the world at large. It traces the history of events that qualify as genocide and crimes against humanity, profiles perpetrators and heroes, and explains international laws and law proceedings aimed at ending genocide and crimes against humanity. It also delves into depictions and manifestations of the phenomenon, such as propaganda, sociological and philosophical explanations, literature and film." Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of Gerontology [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers subjects relating to all aspects of age, aging and the aged.

Encyclopedia of Giftedness, Creativity, and Talent [Rutgers Restricted]
"Contains thousands of ready-to-use facts from the fields of education, psychology, sociology, and the arts. The entries cover the major facets of this field, from artistic ability, to achievement motivation, to creative personality, to emotional intelligence, gender differences, genius, intelligence testing, learning styles, minority under-representation, multiple intelligences, musical ability, prodigies, scientists, self-actualization, thinking skills, and more."

Encyclopedia of Group Processes & Intergroup Relations [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers concepts from "intersecting disciplines such as sociology, organizational and cross-cultural psychology, and language and communication studies."

Encyclopedia of Health and Aging [Rutgers Restricted]
"Covers the biological, psychological, social, and economic aspects of health and aging and impacts within the health-care system. This Encyclopedia also focuses heavily on geriatrics with respect to geriatric syndromes and common diseases of aging." Electronic version of the print resource.

Encyclopedia of Health Services Research [Rutgers Restricted]
Multidisciplinary coverage "including areas such as health administration, health economics, medicine, medical sociology, political science, public policy, and public health."

Encyclopedia of Human Development [Rutgers Restricted]
Includes information from the "fields of psychology, individual and family studies, and education." An electronic version of the 3 volume print resource, the set "covers topics as diverse as adolescence, cognitive development, education, family, gender differences, identity, longitudinal research, personality development, prenatal development, temperament, and more."

Encyclopedia of Human Geography [Rutgers Restricted]
This electronic version of the multidisciplinary print resource covers cartography/geographical information systems, economic geography, geographic theory and history, political geography, social/cultural geography, and urban geography.

Encyclopedia of Human Relationships [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers a wide variety of themes including communication processes, personality and individual differences, psychological processes, the social context of relationships, and theoretical approaches to studying relationships.

Encyclopedia of Identity [Rutgers Restricted]
Offers "a broad, comprehensive overview of the definitions, politics, manifestations, concepts, and ideas related to identity, the entries include short biographies of major thinkers and leaders, as well as discussions of events, personalities, and concepts."

Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security [Rutgers Restricted]
A "comprehensive reference source on ethical and security issues relating to the latest technologies. Covering a wide range of themes, this valuable reference tool includes topics such as computer crime, information warfare, privacy, surveillance, intellectual property and education."

Encyclopedia of Law & Society: American and Global Perspectives [Rutgers Restricted]
Provides international treatment of the field with "interdisciplinary perspectives on law from sociology, criminology, cultural anthropology, political science, social psychology, and economics." Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of Motherhood [Rutgers Restricted]
"The intent of the encyclopedia is to introduce readers to and provide information on the central terms, concepts, topics, issues, themes, debates, theories, and texts of this new discipline of motherhood studies as well as to examine the topic of motherhood in various contexts such as history and geography and by academic discipline."

Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Offers accessible descriptions of some of the key technical achievements of nanoscience along with its history and prospects. Rather than a technical primer, this encyclopedia instead focuses on the efforts of governments around the world to fund nanoscience research and to tap its potential for economic development as well as to assess how best to regulate a new technology for the environmental, occupational, and consumer health and safety issues related to the field."

Encyclopedia of Play in Today's Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Explores the concept of play in history and modern society in the United States and internationally. As an academic social history, it includes the perspectives of several curricular disciplines, from sociology to child psychology, from lifestyle history to social epidemiology."

Encyclopedia of Population [Rutgers Restricted]
"Provides expanded, up-to-date coverage of demographic topics both in the core field and in neighboring disciplines. Designed to encompass the large-scale changes in emphasis and research directions in population studies during the last 20 years, topics covered include: rapid demographic expansion in poor countries; low fertility rates and problems of old-age support; the environmental impact of a dense population; the press for expanded reproductive rights; and much more." An electronic version of the 2 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of Power [Rutgers Restricted]
"With comprehensive coverage of the use of power in the social sciences, the encyclopedia serves as a one-stop point of reference for the diverse and complex ways in which power has been used. It also provides a reference for debates central to the issues of power in different contexts and for related topics, showing how these disparate topics are related to power."

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society [Rutgers Restricted]
"Describes over a hundred racial and ethnic groups, with additional thematic essays discussing broad topics that cut across group boundaries and impact society at large. Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource."

Encyclopedia of Religion and Society
Attempts to bring together in a single-volume compendium a state-of-the-art summary of the insights gained by the principal social sciences of religion: anthropology, psychology, and sociology. Although more heavily oriented toward North America, the scope is global, and an effort has been made to address the major traditions of world religious experience.

Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements
"Covers a broad range of historical and modern topics to create an understanding of many of the most significant social and political developments and changes throughout much of human history, from the French revolution, to the global women's movement, to Martin Luther King Jr. and the American civil rights movement, through to more recent issues including environmentalism and the Arab Spring."

Encyclopedia of Social Network Analysis and Mining [Rutgers Restricted]
"Presents the first comprehensive coverage of all fields including computer science, statistics, social and cultural anthropology, and informatics in general, that contribute to an understanding of the structure and function of social networks."

Encyclopedia of Social Problems [Rutgers Restricted]
Authors from the fields of "anthropology, biology, business, chemistry, communications, criminal justice, demography, economics, education, environmental studies, geography, health, history, languages, political science, psychology, social work, sociology, and women’s studies" provide an interdisciplinary look at "the major theories, approaches, and contemporary issues in social problems and also provide insight into how social conditions get defined as social problems, and the ways different people and organizations view and try to solve them." Electronic version of the print resource.

Encyclopedia of Social Theory [Rutgers Restricted]
Offers handbook-like entries on cutting-edge topics, such as globalization, consumption, complexity theory, and actor network theory, and it provides state-of-the-art interpretations of long-established theories. Also, like a dictionary, the entries in this encyclopedia provide basic introductions to key ideas, concepts, schools, and figures in social theory.

Encyclopedia of Sociology [Rutgers Restricted]
"This classic reference has been updated to reflect the many changes in society and in the field of sociology in recent years. Articles covering core issues such as race, poverty, violence, economics, pregnancy and abortion have been updated and expanded, and completely new articles have been written on topics such as the Internet, privacy, and epidemiology." An electronic version of the 5 volume 2nd edition of the print resource.

Encyclopedia of the Life Course and Human Development [Rutgers Restricted]
"Examines three key life stages from a sociological perspective, exploring how enduring experiences, as well as transitions and events such as childcare, education, stress, marriage, career, addiction, friendship, parenthood, disease, spirituality, and retirement influence the individual's life course. The life stages examined are: Childhood and Adolescence; Adulthood; and Later Life." Electronic version of the 3 volume print resource.

Encyclopedia of the Social and Cultural Foundations of Education [Rutgers Restricted]
"Intended to provide a comprehensive background for those interested in issues involving schools and society."

Encyclopedia of Urban Studies [Rutgers Restricted]
"Includes important work and traditions from each of the urban disciplines, including urban anthropology, urban economics, urban geography, urban history, urban politics, urban psychology, and urban sociology."

Encyclopedia of War & American Society [Rutgers Restricted]
The three volumes cover a wide range of general thematic categories, issues, and topics that address not only the geopolitical effects of war, but also show how the U.S. engagement in national and international conflicts has affected the social and cultural arena. Key themes include: arts and culture; civil-military relations; economy and labor; education (both military and civilian); environment and health; journalism and media; law and justice; military leaders and figures; planning, command and control; race, gender, and ethnicity; religion; science and technology;veterans' issues and experiences; and the wars themselves and their civilian and military leaders.

Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries with "full or excerpted documents---speeches, legislation, magazine and newspaper articles, essays, memoirs, letters, interviews, novels, songs, and works of art---as well as overview information that places each document in context."

Green Culture: An A-to-Z Guide [Rutgers Restricted]
"Assesses green cultural transformations by presenting articles of importance to students of sociology, history, political science, communications, public relations, anthropology, literature, arts and drama." Part of the Green Society: Toward a Sustainable Future series.

Handbook of Death & Dying [Rutgers Restricted]
Multidisciplinary and cross-cultural coverage of death-related behavior, exploring concepts and social patterns within the larger topical concern. An electronic version of the 2 volume print resource.

International Encyclopedia of Human Geography [Rutgers Restricted]
"Provides an authoritative and comprehensive source of information on the discipline of human geography and its constituent, and related, subject areas."

International Encyclopedia of Marriage and Family [Rutgers Restricted]
"Adopts an international, cross-cultural approach to such diverse topics as adolescent parenthood, family planning, cohabitation, widowhood, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect, codependency, and commuter marriages. Includes articles specific to countries and religious traditions, examining the history of family life within these cultures and discussing how families have been affected by political and social change." Electronic version of the 4 volume 2nd edition of the print resource.

International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences [Rutgers Restricted]
An online version of the 26 volume set containing scholarly essays on a wide range of topics in the social and behavioral sciences.

Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying [Rutgers Restricted]
Covers all aspects of death and dying -- biological, medical, social, sociological, psychological, religious, and philosophical. A freely accessible version of this 2 volume set is also available.

Poverty in America: An Encyclopedia [Rutgers Restricted]
"Covers the entire history of American poverty from all angles--historical, social, cultural, political, spiritual, and literary."

Race Relations in the United States [Rutgers Restricted]
"Covers the key events, influential voices, race relations by group, legislation, media influences, cultural output, and theories of inter-group interactions."

SAGE Glossary of the Social and Behavioral Sciences [Rutgers Restricted]
Combines and compares "terminology in nine separate social and behavioral science disciplines: communication, economics, education, geography, media studies, political science, psychology, public administration, and sociology."

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture [Rutgers Restricted]
Includes more than 2,700 signed essays ranging from 500 to 2,500 words... Entries include subject-specific bibliographies and, where appropriate, photographs and textual cross-references to related essays. Electronic version of the 5 volume print resource.

Street Food Around the World: An Encyclopedia of Food and Culture [Rutgers Restricted]
Provides "an overview of the world's street food by country or region including both places where such food is common and those where it plays a less important role."

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook [Rutgers Restricted]
Addresses the various traditional subfields of sociology, such as political sociology, educational sociology, rural sociology, criminology, occupational sociology, and minority relations. Explores important new, evolving subfields, such as environmental sociology, sociology of sports and leisure, military sociology, medical sociology, the sociology of food and eating, and the sociology of emotions. Electronic version of the 2 volume print resource.

Working Americans, 1880-2007 (Volume VIII: Immigrants) [Rutgers Restricted]
Examines the lives of first- and second-generation immigrants with a focus on their journey to America, their search for identity and the emotions they experienced in a new land. Electronic version of the print resource.