pop up book: large pop up butterfly.

About this exhibition


The Pop-Up World of Ann Montanaro is the first World Wide Web exhibition created and maintained by the Rutgers University Libraries, of Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey1. The books depicted here have all been drawn from the collection of Ann Montanaro, 2 who collaborated on the organization of this exhibition and authored its captions and discursive texts. The exhibition was designed and organized by Michael Joseph3.


Montanaro photographed books from her collection using a RICOH RZ-880. The photographs were scanned on a Hewlett Packard Scan Jet IIIc using HPs DeskScan II v2.2, at 24 bit resolution, optimized, and then saved at 8 bit resolution. Slides were scanned from Kodak Gold slides, using the Polaroid SprintScan 35 with a PowerMac 8100 running Adobe PhotoShop. Some were scanned at high resolutions and resized4 for monitor sizes of 1024 x 768 by using L View, a piece of freeware based in part on the work of the Independent JPG Group, operated with Windows 3.1. The ATi Desk Top 1.40, Flexdesk 3.00, was used to accomodate larger images, increasing screen size to 1280 x 1024 and desk size to 1600 x 1200 (WxH in pixels). Some slides were scanned at middle resolutions with no subsequent manipulation. In a few instances, smaller scanned images were resized upwards 5: the trade-off, clarity of image for magnification of detail we felt worthwhile.

For maximum results, the monitor setting should be adjusted to 1024 x 768 (WxH in pixels).


We would like to thank the Systems Department of the Rutgers University Libraries for technical support (especially Mike Moyers, Mike Storer, Dave Hoover and William Crosbie); we would also like to thank Rutgers Computing Services for placing their equipment and expertise at our disposal, and our colleagues, Evelyn Greenberg, Head, Technical Services for the Alexander Library, Bob Warwick, Bibliographical Information Specialist, Ruth Simmons, Curator of Exhibitions in Special Collections and University Archives, Ron Becker, Head of Special Collections,1 Peter Graham, Associate University Librarian for Technical and Networked Services, for their advice and encouragement. Finally, we'd like especially to thank Frank Polach, former University Librarian, without whose interest this project would not have succeeded.

1. For more information about Rutgers University Rutgers University Libraries or Special Collections and University Archives

2. Ann Montanaro is Head of Systems and Bibliographic Database Management at Rutgers University Libraries. She is a collector of pop-up and movable books, and the author of Pop-up and Movable Books: A Bibliography. She is also the founder of The Movable Book Society, and editor of its newsletter, Movable Stationery.

3. Michael Joseph is The Rare Book and Jerseyana Catalog Librarian at Rutgers University Libraries.

4. High resolution images were scanned at 2000x3000 dpi. See for example b1.jpg, a 180 k image resized from 1580K; or, hulkbig.jpg, a 190K image resized from 285K; or, red.jpg, a 90K image resized from a 1342K. (note: larger size measurements will link to images your machine may not be able to resolve.)

5. Low resolution images, saved as GIF images from photographs include: plane3.jpg, resized from plane2.gif, and rsea_det.jpg resized from redsea.gif.

To see Special Collections and University Archives Homepage