Africa and the New Imperialism: European Borders on the African Continent, 1870-1914

Africa and the New Imperialism: European Borders on the African Continent, 1870-1914

Africa and the New Imperialism is a collection of digitized primary sources documenting European colonization across the African continent in the late-19th and early-20th centuries. Topics covered include diplomacy, race and ethnicity, religion and missionaries, resistance to colonialism, slavery and forced labor, technology and infrastructure, and violence, conflict, and war. 

Material types include journals, sketches, correspondence, and reports by European military officers, explorers, and missionaries. They also include British Foreign Office files for the Berlin Conference, correspondence from Roger Casement and the resulting Casement Report, London Missionary Society correspondence, and other organizational papers. Each document has been tagged with a geographic region or regions to aid in browsing. The materials in this collection were primarily created from a European colonialist perspective and may include views or terminology now considered outdated, biased, or offensive. 

Materials have been sourced from libraries and archives in the United States, Britain, and France, including: 

  • Archives nationales d’outre-mer 
  • Bibliothèque nationale de France 
  • Bodleian Library, University of Oxford 
  • British Film Institute 
  • British Library 
  • National Library of Scotland 
  • Sanford Museum, Florida 
  • School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 
  • Senate House Library, University of London 
  • The National Archives, UK
  • University of Birmingham Library 
Dates covered


Resource types