Bibliography on Alternatives to Animal Testing

Unrestricted Access

Alternate title



This is a freely accessible website useful for identifying methods and procedures helpful in supporting the development, testing, application, and validation of alternatives to the use of vertebrates in biomedical research and toxicology testing.


Follow PubMed Help links.

For help using these indexes see: How do I find an article on my topic?

User tools and features

Click on links in the ALTBIB Support section for information on “Alternatives Literature Searching and Databases.”

Dates covered

Most recent available.

Updating frequency

Most recent available added.


Published journal literature.

Type of coverage

Published journal literature; toxicology databank information.

Print counterpart or
related resources

Information resources of U.S.federal government agencies, as well as published journal literature on alternatives to animal testing.

Producer/content provider

National Library of Medicine, NCBI

Vendor/electronic presentation provider

National Library of Medicine