Literature Online (LION)

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Literature Online has migrated from its legacy platform to the ProQuest main platform. The legacy platform will be retired on August 1st. My Archives accounts will not be migrated; they must be manually recreated as My Research accounts on the new platform.

Searchable full-text of more than 350,000 literary works in the English language--343,000 works of poetry, 5000 dramatic works, and 2000 prose works; 212 full-text literary journals; the Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature; and reference sources including bibliographies, 4000 author biographies, dictionaries and encyclopedias, most prominently The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Individual units run from Anglo-Saxon literature, through the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, the 18th and 19th centuries right up to the late 20th Century. The geographical span includes the United States, England, Scotland, Ireland, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the West Indies, Africa, and South Asia. In addition to the Core Collection, described above, Rutgers also has access to Twentieth-Century Drama, which, when complete, will include 2500 plays from the English speaking world, from the 1890s to the present, featuring many works still under copyright. Also includes more than 800 brief film clips of poetry readings (many featuring poets reading their own works), and links to more than 5100 web sites.

LION's general policy has always been to include either an authoritative collected edition for each author or first editions of individual works as appropriate. In important instances more than one edition of a work has been included--for example both the 1818 and 1831 editions of Frankenstein and five separate editions of Whitman's Leaves of Grass. All texts are reproduced faithfully from the original printed sources without silent emendation.

Literature Online (LION) also offers comprehensive cross-searching of EEBO - Early English Books Online, thus bringing together the two leading textual resources for scholars of Early Modern literature. Results from the Quick Search and Search Texts options within Literature Online will include full results from the entire set of EEBO citation data (125,000 titles).

Since Rutgers also subscribes to EEBO TCP (Text Creation Partnership), LION searches will also display keyword hits from the collection of texts within EEBO that have been keyed for full-text searching (as of early 2008 nearly 15,000 titles, with an ultimate goal of 25,000 titles).


Context sensitive help is available via the Help button on every search screen. The help contents page is accessible from the main page or from any individual help page.

For help using these indexes see: How do I find an article on my topic?

User tools and features

Author alert.

Dates covered

Covers the full chronological span of English and American Literature, from roughly 600 CE to the present.

Updating frequency

Updated at least nine times per year.


Draws on the entire corpus of English and American literature, using accurate reproductions of authoritative printed texts; full publication and pagination details of the print original are given, enabling scholars to cite correctly from these texts as they would from the print originals.

Type of coverage

Full text.

Print counterpart or
related resources

Original sources.

Producer/content provider

ProQuest Information and Learning-Chadwyck-Healey

Vendor/electronic presentation provider